Noninvasive preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy exhibits high rates of deoxyribonucleic acid amplification failure and poor correlation with results obtained using trophectoderm biopsy

Hanson B M, Tao X, Hong K H, Comito C E, Pangasnan R, Seli E, Jalas C, Scott R T,
Fertil Steril. Mar. 2021 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2021.01.028
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OBJECTIVE: To validate a commercially available noninvasive preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (niPGT-A) assay by investigating the following: prevalence of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) amplification failure with niPGT-A; factors affecting amplification failure with niPGT-A; and frequency of discordant results between niPGT-A and traditional preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study SETTING: Academic-affiliated private practice PATIENT(S): One hundred sixty-six blastocysts and their surrounding culture media from couples undergoing in vitro fertilization between July 2019 and May 2020 were analyzed. INTERVENTION(S): Blastocyst-stage spent culture media samples underwent niPGT-A using a commercially available kit that used whole-genome amplification with a modified multiple annealing and looping-based amplification cycle protocol followed by next-generation sequencing. Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy of trophectoderm (TE) biopsies was performed using targeted next-generation sequencing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The primary outcome was failure to achieve an interpretable result with niPGT-A. Factors affecting DNA amplification were also assessed. Discrepancies between niPGT-A and TE biopsy results were analyzed, and clinical outcomes were evaluated. RESULT(S): Deoxyribonucleic acid amplification failures with niPGT-A were observed in 37.3% (62/166) of the samples. With TE biopsy, no embryos exhibited DNA amplification failure. Embryos with a shorter duration of exposure to the culture media and no evidence of whole-chromosome aneuploidy on the TE biopsy displayed high rates of DNA amplification failure with niPGT-A. Of 104 embryos with both niPGT-A and TE biopsy results available, whole-chromosome discordance was noted in 42 cases (40.4%). Three embryos classified as aneuploid based on the niPGT-A result progressed to successful delivery. CONCLUSION(S): The rates of DNA amplification failure were high among the niPGT-A samples, virtually precluding the clinical applicability of niPGT-A in its current form.