Recombinant luteinizing hormone supplementation in assisted reproductive technology: a systematic review

Alviggi C, Conforti A, Esteves S C, Andersen C Y, Bosch E, Buhler K, Ferraretti A P, De Placido G, Mollo A, Fischer R, Humaidan P, International Collaborative Group for the Study of r-h L H,
Fertil Steril. Apr. 2018 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.01.003


OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of recombinant human LH (r-hLH) supplementation in ovarian stimulation for ART in specific subgroups of patients. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Centers for reproductive care. PATIENT(S): Six populations were investigated: 1) women with a hyporesponse to recombinant human FSH (r-hFSH) monotherapy; 2) women at an advanced reproductive age; 3) women cotreated with the use of a GnRH antagonist; 4) women with profoundly suppressed LH levels after the administration of GnRH agonists; 5) normoresponder women to prevent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome; and 6) women with a "poor response" to ovarian stimulation, including those who met the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology Bologna criteria. INTERVENTION(S): Systematic review. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Implantation rate, number of oocytes retrieved, live birth rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, fertilization rate, and number of metaphase II oocytes. RESULT(S): Recombinant hLH supplementation appears to be beneficial in two subgroups of patients: 1) women with adequate prestimulation ovarian reserve parameters and an unexpected hyporesponse to r-hFSH monotherapy; and 2) women 36-39 years of age. Indeed, there is no evidence that r-hLH is beneficial in young (<35 y) normoresponders cotreated with the use of a GnRH antagonist. The use of r-hLH supplementation in women with suppressed endogenous LH levels caused by GnRH analogues and in poor responders remains controversial, whereas the use of r-hLH supplementation to prevent the development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome warrants further investigation. CONCLUSION(S): Recombinant hLH can be proposed for hyporesponders and women 36-39 years of age.