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Serum anti-Müllerian hormone levels are not associated with aneuploidy rates in human blastocysts.

Pipari A, Guillen A, Cruz M, Pacheco A, Garcia-Velasco JA
Reprod BioMed Online. Apr. 2021 doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2021.03.006
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Abstract

Research question: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is the most established biomarker for estimating ovarian reserve. No reliable marker of oocyte quality, however, is available. Is there an association between the rates of aneuploidy and the different ranges of serum AMH levels?. Design: Retrospective, single-centre study of 1718 patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection and preimplantation genetic testing with aneuploidy at the blastocyst stage between January 2015 and December 2019. Patients were stratified into six different categories of AMH (ng/ml) according to percentile distribution. Results: Although a higher number of biopsied embryos were found for higher AMH levels (P = 0.017), a lower rate of biopsied blastocysts per metaphase II (P = 0.019) and per fertilized oocyte (0.023) was observed in this group of high AMH. A higher number of euploid embryos was found for higher AMH values (P = 0.031); however, the rate of aneuploid embryos per metaphase II or per fertilized oocyte was not significantly different across the six groups. No differences were observed in the implantation, pregnancy and ongoing pregnancy rate, or in the miscarriage and biochemical loss rate. Regression analysis did not show any significant correlation between AMH and aneuploid embryos. Conclusions: In this large series of patients, AMH was not related to embryo aneuploidy.