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The lipidome of endometrial fluid differs between implantative and non-implantative IVF cycles

Matorras R, Martinez-Arranz I, Arretxe E, Iruarrizaga-Lejarreta M, Corral B, Ibanez-Perez J, Exposito A, Prieto B, Elortza F, Alonso C,
J Assist Reprod Genet. Feb. 2020 doi: 10.1007/s10815-019-01670-z
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the most relevant changes in the lipidome of endometrial fluid aspirate (EFA) in non-implantative cycles. DESIGN: Lipidomics in a prospective cohort study. SETTINGS: Reproductive unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-nine women undergoing an IVF cycle. Fifteen achieved pregnancy and 14 did not. INTERVENTION: Endometrial fluid aspiration immediately before performing embryo transfer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical pregnancy rate and lipidomic profiles obtained on an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ToF-MS)-based analytical platform. RESULTS: The comparative analysis of the lipidomic patterns of endometrial fluid in implantative and non-implantative IVF cycles revealed eight altered metabolites: seven glycerophospholipids and an omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid. Then, women with a non-implantative cycle were accurately classified with a support vector machine algorithm including these eight lipid metabolites. The diagnostic performances of the algorithm showed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 0.893 +/- 0.07, 85.7%, 80.0%, and 82.8%, respectively. CONCLUSION: A predictive lipidomic signature linked to the implantative status of the endometrial fluid has been found.