Dopamine agonist inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor protein production and secretion in granulosa cells
Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 17-Sep.
2015 doi: 10.1186/s12958-015-0102-4
BACKGROUND: Dopamine receptor 2 agonists (D2-ags) inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion in luteinized granulosa cells (LGCs) both in vitro and in vivo. However, the mechanism of D2 regulation of the VEGF/VEGF Receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) pathway remains to be elucidated. We sought to determine the effects of D2 signaling on VEGF transcription and translation in LGCs, with the expectation of identifying potential D2-ag-based therapies for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). FINDINGS: LGCs from egg donors were cultured with chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the presence of Actinomycin-D (ActD) or Brefeldin-A (BFA) to evaluate the effects of a D2-ag, cabergoline (Cb2), on VEGF secretion. The contribution of the conventional Gi/Go, Gz and AKT/beta-Arrestin pathways in the VEGF regulation was assessed by adding pertussis toxin (PTX), phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), or wortmannin (WT). While Cb2 inhibited VEGF secretion by interfering with VEGF peptide translation and secretion, inhibition of conventional D2 transduction pathways did not reverse Cb2-mediated inhibition of VEGF secretion. CONCLUSIONS: The effects of D2-ag on VEGF translation and secretion are mediated by D2 signaling pathways that have yet to be described. We found that D2-ag inhibits VEGF secretion at the post-transcriptional level, suggesting that D2-ag treatment should be combined with therapies that inhibit VEGF transcription, such as the employment of LH or GnRH for triggering ovulation, to improve the efficacy of OHSS prevention.