Dopamine receptor 2 activation inhibits ovarian vascular endothelial growth factor secretion in an ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) animal model: implications for treatment of OHSS with dopamine receptor 2 agonists
Fertil Steril. Nov.
2014 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.07.1240
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether a dopamine receptor 2 agonist (D2-ag) can prevent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in a rat model by decreasing ovarian vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production. DESIGN: Experimental study in an OHSS animal model. SETTING: University-affiliated infertility center. PATIENT(S): Immature Wistar rats. INTERVENTION(S): Immature rats were stimulated with gonadotropins to mimic OHSS and treated with a D2-ag and/or D2-antagonists (D2-ant). Vascular permeability (VP) was measured at the endpoint, and ovaries were collected to assess the effects of these drugs on VEGF production. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): VP was estimated by measuring the peritoneal extravasation of a previously injected dye. Ovarian VEGF mRNA expression and VEGF protein levels were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blots, respectively. RESULT(S): The D2-ag exerted a reduction in VP that was associated with a drastic decrease in VEGF protein production in OHSS rat ovaries. The effects of this D2-ag on VP and VEGF protein levels were partially reversed by concomitant administration of a D2-ant. Ovarian VEGF mRNA expression levels were unaffected by these drugs in OHSS rats. CONCLUSION(S): D2-ags prevent increased VP in OHSS rats by decreasing ovarian VEGF production, very likely through a D2-mediated post-transcriptional mechanism. Given the dose-dependent inhibitory effect of D2-ags on ovarian VEGF production reported herein, we infer that current OHSS therapies used in humans may be improved by increasing the intraovarian concentration of D2-ags in these patients.