Copper and lead exposures disturb reproductive features of primary endometrial stromal and epithelial cells

Perez-Deben, S, Gonzalez-Martin, R, Palomar, A, Quinonero, A, Salsano, S, Dominguez, F,
Reprod Toxicol. Apr. 2020 doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2020.01.008


This study investigates if Cu and Pb act as endocrine disruptors affecting endometrial cells. Primary EnSCs and EnECs were exposed to Cu (0, 50, 100 and 200 muM) or Pb (0, 30, 100 and 500 muM) and assessed for viability, decidualization, apoptosis and proliferation on EnSCs, and wound healing and adhesion capabilities on EnECs. Cu exposure decreased significantly cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Cu and Pb negatively affected in vitro decidualization, showing a significant decrease in PRL secretion. HOXA10 and ERalpha mRNA levels significantly decreased in decidualized cells (dEnSCs) exposed to Cu. Cu and Pb decreased adhesion and regeneration capability in EnEC. This study reveals that Cu and Pb could negatively affect endometrial functionality, compromising the decidualization process and disrupting endometrial regeneration and embryo adhesion. Therefore, special care should be taken considering heavy metals exposure if pregnancy is being pursued.