COVID-19 mRNA vaccines have no impact on endometrial receptivity after euploid embryo transfer

Pedro Brandão, Antonio Pellicer, Marcos Meseguerd, José Remohí, Nicolás Garrido, Juan Antonio García-Velasco
Reproductive BioMedicine Online Available online 29 May 2022. In Press, Journal Pre-proof. 2022 doi:


Research question: Does the COVID-19 vaccination affect endometrial receptivity after single euploid embryo transfer, measured by sustained implantation rate? Design: A retrospective cohort study analysing two groups of single euploid embryo transfers using own oocytes: one historical cohort of 3272 transfers 1 year before the pandemic; and one comprising 890 transfers in women previously vaccinated with mRNA vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The main outcomes were clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and sustained implantation rate (SIR) per embryo transfer. These outcomes were compared between non-vaccinated and vaccinated women, and women who had received one and two doses. Lastly, vaccinated women were divided into quartiles according to the time from last dose to embryo transfer. Results: Similar CPR and SIR were found between non-vaccinated and vaccinated women, and the odds ratio for both outcomes was not statistically significant after being controlled for potential confounders (OR 0.937, 95% CI 0.695 to 1.265 and OR 0.910, 95% CI 0.648 to 1.227 respectively). Within the vaccinated group, women who had received one or two doses also had similar outcomes. In addition, no differences were found according to the time interval from vaccination to embryo transfer. Conclusion: The administration of mRNA vaccines against COVID-19 had no effect on endometrial receptivity and embryo implantation, regardless of the number of doses and time interval from vaccination to embryo transfer. The potential negative effect of the vaccine on endometrial receptivity and reproductive outcomes is reassuring for patients in the process of undergoing assisted reproductive treatment.