Window of implantation transcriptomic stratification reveals different endometrial subsignatures associated with live birth and biochemical pregnancy

Diaz-Gimeno, P, Ruiz-Alonso, M, Sebastian-Leon, P, Pellicer, A, Valbuena, D, Simon, C,
Fertil Steril. Oct. 2017 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.07.007


OBJECTIVE: To refine the endometrial window of implantation (WOI) transcriptomic signature by defining new subsignatures associated to live birth and biochemical pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated in vitro fertilization clinic and reproductive genetics laboratory. PATIENT(S): Healthy fertile oocyte donors (n = 79) and patients with infertility diagnosed by Endometrial Receptivity Analysis (n = 771). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): WOI transcriptomic signatures associated with specific reproductive outcomes. RESULT(S): The retrospective cohort study was designed to perform a prediction model based on transcriptomic clusters for endometrial classification (training set, n = 529). The clinical follow-up set in the expected WOI (n = 321) was tested with the transcriptomic predictor to detect WOI variability and the pregnancy outcomes associated with these subsignatures (n = 228). The endometrial receptivity signature was redefined into four WOI transcriptomic profiles. This stratification identified an optimal endometrial receptivity (RR) signature resulting in an ongoing pregnancy rate (OPR) of 80% in terms of live birth, as well as a late receptive-stage (LR) signature with a potential high risk of 50% biochemical pregnancy. Abnormal down-regulation of the cell cycle was the main dysregulated function among the 22 genes associated with biochemical pregnancy. CONCLUSION(S): The major differences between the WOI transcriptomic stratification were in the OPR and biochemical pregnancy rate. The OPR ranged from 76.9% and 80% in the late prereceptive (LPR) and RR signatures, respectively, versus 33.3% in the LR. The biochemical pregnancy rate was 7.7% and 6.6% in LPR and RR, respectively, but 50% in LR, which highlights the relevance of endometrial status in the progression of embryonic implantation.